“Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.”
We observe that in the book of John, Jesus tells us that in order to bear fruit we must abide in him. He goes on to tell us that the way we abide in him is to keep His commandments. The instruction to keep the sabbath day holy is one of those commandments.
The Sabbath described in Genesis 2 is definitely the seventh day, Saturday, and not the first day, Sunday.
There is no way to avoid this truth.
The fourth commandment was established at the creation of the world and later reconfirmed to Moses in the wilderness by Jesus.
The Sabbath was very important to people of the Bible and even though calendars may have changed, it would be inconceivable for the Sabbath day to have been confused with any other day. Chronologist are in agreement that the order of days is the same today as at the beginning of history. In addition, Jesus recognized the Sabbath and would have certainly known which day He had commanded to be kept holy.
ONE MIGHT ASK: IS THE SABBATH REALLY THAT IMPORTANT?
Is God really serious about the observance of the sabbath day? Numbers 15: 32-40 answers this question without any doubt. “And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day, And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation, And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. And the Lord said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp. And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the Lord commanded Moses.”
We find in Nehemiah Chapter 13, that the people of Jerusalem and Tyre were profaning the Sabbath. Nehemiah contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, “What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day?”
Has something evil become good?
Let us heed the warning of Isaiah:
“Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.”
Again, in Isaiah chapter 58, we are told that Israel forsook the ordinances of God. Verse 13 tells them how to correct their ways and honor God, “If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.”
In chapter 66 we find that the Sabbath will be recognized in the future “For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain. And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from on sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord.”
There is no doubt that all flesh includes everyone, Jews (Judaean) by birth and Gentiles (nations). At the time of the new heaven and the new earth, a time when all things are made perfect, the sabbath will be universally recognized and observed.
THERE ARE SEVERE PENALTIES FOR DISOBEYING THE SABBATH COMMANDMENT.
In Jeremiah 17, the Lord says “hallow ye the Sabbath” He goes on to say “But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear, nor receive instruction. He continues on to tell about the rewards for obeying Him and in verse 27, He warns, “But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem and it shall not be quenched.”
In 586 B.C. and in 70 A.D. Jerusalem was overthrown. Why? The Bible says it was because the people did not keep God’s commandments.
History reveals that all the known nations during the first century A.D. rested on the Sabbath day, Saturday. The question is not: “did the believers meet on Sunday” but rather: “what did believers do on Saturday, the Sabbath day”?
The first century historian, Flavius Josephus, gives us great insight as to what took place on the Sabbath, not only in Jerusalem, but, in all of the Roman empire.: …..the multitude of mankind itself have had a great inclination of a long time to follow our religious observances; for there is not any city of the Grecians, nor any of the barbarians, nor any nation whatsoever, whither our custom of resting on the seventh day hath not come…..
Philo, a first century historian of Alexandria Egypt, reports the same findings: “And in short, it is very nearly an universal rule, from the rising of the sun to its extreme west, that every country, and nation, and city, is alienated from the laws and customs of foreign nations and states, and that they think that they are adding to the estimation in which they hold their own laws by despising those in use among other nations. But this is not the case with our laws which Moses has given to us; for they lead after them the inhabitants of continents, and islands, the eastern nations and the western, Europe and Asia, in short, the whole inhabited world from one extremity to the other. For what man is there who does not honour that sacred seventh day, ranting in consequence a relief and relaxation from labour, for himself and for all those who are near to him, and that not to free men only, but also to slaves, and even to beast of burden.
What did the first century Gentile believers do on the Sabbath? They rested just as they always had.
It was not necessary for the church to instruct the Gentile believers as to the Sabbath. They were already observing it throughout the known world.
One of the most important considerations relates to Constantine the Great and the fact that he, as Roman Emperor, commanded the civil observance of Sunday. In the year 321 he issued a law prohibiting manual labor on Sunday.
The Sunday law of Constantine had nothing to do with Christianity.
Quoting the book “The History of the Church” we find that “He enjoined the observance, or rather forbade the public desecration of Sunday, not under the name of Sabbatum, but under its old astrological and heathen title, Dies Solis. familiar to all his subjects, so that the law was as applicable to the worshippers of Hercules, Apollo, and Mithras, as to the Christians. There is no reference whatsoever in his law either to the fourth commandment or to the resurrection of Christ.
Constantine worshipped all the gods – especially Apollo the god of the sun. He held the title Pontifex Maximus which was the title of the high priest of paganism. These and other considerations make it clear that Constantine’s form of Christianity was actually a modified version of mystery religion. – The Mystery of Iniquity that had been at work since the time of Babel.
This same system, characterized by the shrouding of truth in secrecy and the manipulation of the truth in order to achieve it’s ends, set out, in the third century, to combine paganism with Christianity. These goals were partially accomplished through the proclamation on March 7th 321 A.D. of Constantine the Great, stating:” All judges and city people and the craftsmen shall rest upon The Venerable Day of the Sun.”
Shortly after he made his sun-day proclamation, Constantine ordered his wife and eldest son murdered and had a bronze statue of himself set atop a tall column as Apollo, the sun god.
This is the man known as the first Christian Emperor.
Consider the coin minted during the reign of Constantine, after he claimed to be a Christian. On one side is the head of Constantine. On the other side is the sun god Sol Invictus with the inscription “Sol Invicto Comiti” – Committed to the invincible sun.
Is the time period from Friday sundown to Saturday sundown really the sabbath? Could it be that the days of the week have changed over time?
No! Calendar changes have not affected the order of the days of the week. It is true that the imperfect Julian calendar originating in 46 BC was replaced by the Gregorian calendar in 1582 but the order of the days was not changed. What took place was that 10 days were taken from the number of days in the month, not from the number of days in the week.
There is absolutely no scriptural evidence that the weekly seventh day sabbath has been set aside. At the beginning of the world God proclaimed the Sabbath to be a special time. Genesis says that He hallowed it (made it holy).
Jesus said: “Till heaven and earth pass.”
Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
So what can we definitely say about the Sabbath?
The Sabbath is to be a sign between God and his people so that they will know that he is the god that sanctifies them.
The fourth commandment has absolutely nothing to do with religious activity on any certain day. In fact, it is just the opposite, it is a day of rest, prescribed by God. We should worship God every day.
The Sabbath was established at the time of the creation of the world. It is not the Jewish Sabbath or the Christian Sabbath; it is God’s Sabbath.
The seventh day Sabbath was reconfirmed in the Ten Commandments, written in stone by the finger of God.
The penalty that was set for non observance is death.
Even after the crucifixion, the followers of Jesus observed the Sabbath. The very people who walked and talked with Jesus “rested the sabbath day according to the commandment”
No where in the Bible are we told that the Sabbath was changed to Sunday.
In Isaiah 66:22-23 we find that the Sabbath is not just a thing of the past and that in the new heavens and the new earth the sabbath will be recognized.
And in Revelation 14:12, again referring to future events, we are given a description of saints: “…they that keep the commandments of God, and have the faith of Jesus.”
Yes, Saints will remember the sabbath day to keep it holy for it is one of Gods commandments and the faith of Jesus establishes it.
“The Sabbath was made for man and not man for the sabbath.”
EXCUSES – EXCUSES
Some teachers state that Colossians 2:16 indicates that believers
do not have to keep the fourth commandment. That is not true!
COLOSSIANS 2:16 HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH RESTING ON THE SEVENTH DAY SABBATH
The Greek word
used in Colossians 2:16 is the same Greek word translated “week”
in other places by King James translators.
The word used in Colossians 2:16 is different from the Greek word
which is used to indicate more than one weekly sabbath day.
MULTIPLE 7TH DAY SABBATHS =
CLEARLY REFERS TO A SEVEN DAY
PERIOD OF TIME.
Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday,
or of the new moon, or of the
And upon the first day of the
week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them,
ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the
week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
And very early in the morning the first day of the
week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
The first day of the
week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre,
and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the
week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the
Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
1 Corinthians 16:2
Upon the first day of the
week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him,
that there be no gatherings when I come.
ANOTHER GREEK WORD
(DIFFERENT FROM THE WORD USED IN COLOSSIANS 2:16)
CLEARLY REFERS TO MORE THAN ONE 7TH DAY SABBATH.
And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered.
And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the
And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the
And certain of the Pharisees said unto them,
Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the
A STUDY OF THE GREEK WORD USED IN COLOSSIANS 2:16
WHICH REFERS TO WEEK OR WEEKS IS DIFFERENT FROM THE GREEK WORD
USED TO REFER TO MORE THAN ONE SEVENTH DAY SABBATH.
IF THE WRITERS OF THE GREEK TEXT HAD INTENDED TO INDICATE 7TH DAY SABBATHS “PLURAL” THEY COULD HAVE EASILY DONE SO. INSTEAD THEY CHOSE TO USE A WORD THAT WOULD CLEARLY DISTINGUISH IT FROM 7TH DAY SABBATHS.
COLOSSIANS 2:16 HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH RESTING ON THE SEVENTH DAY SABBATH
SPECIAL NOTE FOR STUDENTS OF GREEK:
There are other references which should be considered.
Luke 4:16, Acts 13:14. Acts 16:13 and Matthew 28:1.
The word sabbath is associated with other words which are used
to specify a portion of the week.
If you will notice, in Luke 4:16, Acts 13:14 and Acts 16:13 the word
day (dative case – indirect object) is associated with sabbath.
Those references do not read the sabbath day in Greek,
but rather the day of the sabbath (the day of the week.)
That is the reason that sabbath in those instances is considered genitive.
It follows the word that it is modifying – day.
In Matthew 28:1, the word sabbath is used twice.
1. sabbath is in association with the word translated end (end of the sabbath)
2. sabbath is in association with the word one (first day of the sabbath).
THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT IS NOT A SUGGESTION
Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
Some teachers state that Romans Chapter 14 indicates that all
days are alike and that there is nothing special about the sabbath.
That is not true!
Romans Chapter 14
has nothing to do with the seventh day sabbath.
It is in reference to fast days.
The Pharisees required fasting two days per week.
See Luke 18:12 …I fast twice in the week….
1Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations. 2For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs. 3Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him. 4Who art thou that judgest another man’s servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand. 5One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. 6He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks. 7For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. 8For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord’s. 9For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living. 10But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. 11For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. 12So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God. 13Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock or an occasion to fall in his brother’s way. 14I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean. 15But if thy brother be grieved with thy meat, now walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy meat, for whom Christ died. 16Let not then your good be evil spoken of: 17For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. 18For he that in these things serveth Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men. 19Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another. 20For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence. 21It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak. 22Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth. 23And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.